Home Wealth Management Seven States Introduce Laws Geared toward Rich Taxpayers

Seven States Introduce Laws Geared toward Rich Taxpayers

Seven States Introduce Laws Geared toward Rich Taxpayers


On Jan. 19, New York and Connecticut lawmakers, together with legislators from California, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland and Washington, launched tax laws focusing on rich taxpayers. The pending proposals are just like these promoted by Massachusetts Sen. Elizabeth Warren throughout her 2020 presidential marketing campaign and have been funded by Fund Our Future, a tax coverage advocacy group.

New York Proposals

The New York proposals search to extend capital features charges and add to current payments launched earlier this month and in 2021:

Senate Invoice 2162, launched on Jan. 19, proposed a further tax on long-term capital features, dividends or every other sort of capital achieve revenue of:

  1. 7.5% for married people submitting collectively, surviving spouses and heads of family with taxable revenue over $500,000;
  2. 15% for married people submitting collectively, surviving spouses and heads of family with taxable revenue over $1 million;
  3. 7.5% for single people, married people submitting individually and estates and trusts with taxable revenue over $400,000; and
  4. 15% for single people, married people submitting individually and estates and trusts with taxable revenue over $800,000.

Senate Invoice 1570, launched on Jan. 12, proposed a mark-to-market tax on New York residents with internet property value $1 billion or extra on the finish of every taxable 12 months starting in 2023.

  1. Acquire or loss can be acknowledged as if every asset owned by a person have been offered for its truthful market worth on Dec. 31, 2022.
  2. Any internet achieve from these deemed gross sales can be included within the taxpayer’s revenue for 2023 as much as a “phase-in cap” quantity.
  3. On the taxpayer’s choice, any tax payable could also be made for the present taxable 12 months or in 10 equal annual installments together with a “deferral cost.”
  4. Annually thereafter there can be a deemed sale of property of any particular person with internet property of at the very least $1 billion as of Dec. 31 of the previous 12 months, with credit score given for features beforehand topic to the tax.

Senate Invoice 3462 (Meeting Invoice 4643A), launched in January 2021, proposed creating separate taxes on inheritance and reward revenue, amending the computation of the property tax and creating a present tax. These proposals have been referred to the New York Legislature’s Methods and Means and Price range and Income committees in January 2022 with out additional motion.

Connecticut Proposals

Two separate Connecticut payments suggest rising marginal tax charges, establishing a capital features surcharge and restructuring sure taxes:

Invoice 774 proposed:

    1. Rising the 2 highest private revenue marginal tax charges to 7.49% and seven.20%; and
    2. Establishing a 1% and a 0.75% surcharge on internet achieve from the sale of capital property of Connecticut taxpayers within the high two revenue brackets.

Invoice 351 proposed:

    1. Making a 5% surtax for taxpayers within the highest revenue bracket on revenue from internet achieve from the sale or change of a capital asset and dividend and curiosity revenue;
    2. Implementing a ten% tax on annual gross revenues of any enterprise with annual gross revenues exceeding $10 billion from digital promoting companies;
    3. Enacting a statewide property tax on industrial and residential actual property with an assessed worth of over $1.5 million;
    4. Extending and rising the company revenue tax price to 11.5% from 7.5%;
    5. Elevating the company enterprise tax surcharge to twenty%;
    6. Hiring 50 further in-house auditors and extra wage enforcement brokers; and
    7. Authorizing further marginal tax charges for people with Connecticut taxable revenue over $1 million (9.55%), $10 million (10.25%) and $25 million (10.65%).

The Connecticut provisions additionally embody these favorable to much less rich taxpayers, together with a $500 refundable baby tax credit score (for as much as three youngsters), expanded and elevated property tax credit and a discount within the 5.5% marginal price to five%.

Harbinger of Issues to Come?

The Washington Submit quoted a New York state senator as saying, “The purpose right here is to ensure we do on the state degree what will not be being completed on the federal degree.” Wealth taxes just like the New York mark-to-market tax are an untested type of taxation in the USA, the place taxpayers must pay annual taxes on asset values relatively than on revenue. Passage of such laws would nearly actually immediate rich taxpayers to contemplate relocating to decrease tax jurisdictions and will increase constitutional challenges in addition to sensible issues like valuing property with unrealized features.

Even when taxpayers in New York and Connecticut really feel that proposals like these are unlikely to change into legislation now, they might be nicely suggested to not dismiss the chance that these measures may achieve traction over time. Massachusetts, one other Democratic-leaning state within the Northeast, lately handed a “millionaires tax” after six failed makes an attempt to impose a progressive tax system relationship again over 100 years. Thus, even when New York and Connecticut fail to cross the laws described above, the mere existence of such laws could possibly be a harbinger of issues to return.


Justin M. Hannan, Mariano Robert Beecher and Emily Byrnes are attorneys at Day Pitney.



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